Lots of schools and classrooms are making innovation a priority and changing how day-to-day school is done.
Don Wettrick’s students take it to a whole new level.
Don teaches “Innovation Class,” where students take on a project that connects with their passions. In this class, his students have created apps, designed new products and created events. One of his students worked with local government to create a program where low-income families could use their government food benefits to buy from a local farmer’s market.
It’s a class unlike anything you’d see at almost any school. But at heart, it’s driven by the same thing that drives Genius Hour: helping kids pursue what’s important to them and what’s important to the people they serve.
Genius Hour is the idea of giving students 20 percent of their class time to pursue projects related to their passions. The concept is broad and intentionally open-ended, and the results can be phenomenal.
At a recent conference I attended in Indiana, Don gave a keynote speech on innovation in schools and a breakout session on how to make Genius Hour work. As is the case whenever I hear Don talk, I left feeling completely inspired.
Don has TONS of resources for anyone interested in bringing student passion-driven projects or innovation in general into the classroom. You can find them at:
- theinnovationteacher.com (blog posts, videos, etc.)
- startedupinnovation.com (podcast, professional development opportunities, etc.)
His breakout session was where the rubber met the road. He didn’t lead a pre-planned workshop. He led a conversation and dropped some serious knowledge bombs.
Here are 12 of my key takeaways from his session on Genius Hour:
1. “Education is a rotary phone. Rotary phones aren’t broken, they’re obsolete. — Naveen Jain” Don mentioned this quote from Jain, a billionaire whose next venture is to harvest minerals from the moon. Don’s class Skyped with Jain — a brilliant mind who they had access to just because they asked. I thought this quote highlighted exactly why we need Genius Hour and classes like Don’s innovation class.
2. “If you try this, it’ll be a miserable failure for the first year.” Don’s statement about starting Genius Hour or an innovation class was actually encouraging to me. My students did Genius Hour for a year and I thought it was a mess. Turns out that’s normal! Don said a big hurdle is battling this mentality in students: “What do I need to do today to get an A tomorrow?” A culture shift is necessary to create success.
3. Watch the Dan Pink TED Talk. Don mentioned this fantastic TED Talk, “The puzzle of motivation,” in which Dan Pink describes three driving factors in motivation: mastery, autonomy and purpose. I remember listening to the audio version of this TED Talk for the first time. I literally had to stop my car, pull out a notepad and scribble furious notes. It was that ground shifting. (If you’ve seen it, it’s worth another watch!)
4. How should we spend our time in class? Don provided this framework as a suggestion:
- 50 percent: the standards
- 30 percent: project-based learning
- 20 percent: student passion-driven projects
This made sense to me. No longer do we need to fill our students’ heads with knowledge when it’s just a Google search away. This puts the idea of “What can you do with what you’ve learned” into practice.
5. “Most students don’t hit the ground running.” I’ve heard Don say in podcasts and in presentations that many of his students start his innovation class chasing grades. How does he break them of that?
- Encourage kids to take risks, and then don’t punish them when they
- Learn from Stanford University professor Tina Seelig’s failure resume. She asks students not to show their successes but their failures. We often learn more from them.
6. How do you do Genius Hour in elementary school? Don says his favorite time to incorporate Genius Hour is in elementary school. Middle school is OK. Ideally, high school isn’t the best and is too late. Elementary-school students aren’t too young. They’re primed for Genius Hour, and the elementary classroom is built for it.
For elementary students, Minecraft is the gateway to innovation, Don says. When they use it, they create. They collaborate. They use problem solving. All of those 21st Century skills are in play.
Don suggests pitching the idea to students. Then, tell them you’re skeptical (even if you’re not). “I don’t know if there is educational value in this,” you tell them. Then, they convince you why it supports education and the standards.
You don’t know how to do Minecraft? That’s OK, Don says. They do. Let them teach you. Then, let them split into teams and build villages together.
7. “The greatest tech at our school is LOTS of whiteboards.” Don and his students do their best brainstorming with whiteboards. Walking around opens brain pathways. Don’s students have whiteboards on wheels. They’ll walk around the school and roll a whiteboard with them. It’s a mobile brainstorming session playing on the brain science — physical activity stimulates good ideas!
8. Don described the “gold standard of innovation time” — the “collect and connect” activity. Here’s how it works:
Ask, “What are you passionate about?” If that doesn’t generate discussion, it’s because students don’t think it’s cool to be passionate about anything. You’ll generate discussion if you ask instead, “What do you hate?”
Brainstorm ideas. Write them all down without judging. Then, when you’re done, tell them, “Now double the list.” If you had 20 ideas, make it 40.
When Don does this and they’re done brainstorming, he’ll say: “Connect two things and you have a great idea. Connect three and you’re unstoppable.”
This is how they generate ideas for projects. One class combined these three ideas:
- no students seemed to know the students with Down’s Syndrome
- kids felt sleepy in the morning and weren’t alert in class
- local businesses weren’t supported as well as big corporations
They took these three seemingly disconnected ideas and innovated. They created a coffee house at the school run by students with Down’s Syndrome. The coffee was sourced through a local coffee shop.
Students got to know the students with Down’s Syndrome better. Coffee house patrons were more alert in class. And the local coffee shop got a boost.
9. “Don’t be afraid of quitting.” Students should have more freedom to leave a project when it isn’t working or if they’re not passionate about it anymore, Don said. When you fundamentally hate an idea for a project, jump ship and try something new.
10. How do you bring those great ideas into action? Don shared the “ROTH IRA” method:
- Realization (wow, this is a great idea!)
- Open discussion (your idea will be judged. And that’s a good thing.)
- Tussling (it’s a good idea, a bad idea or you can come to common ground)
- Homogeneous grouping (putting students together to brainstorm)
- Ideation (generate ideas and build it)
- Reflect (don’t write me a flowery essay … what didn’t work?)
- Adjust (make changes based on reflection)
11. Set deadlines. Produce something every two weeks. Don tells his students: You have all the time in the world. But saying that they’re going to pursue a single project all year is a recipe for procrastination and underachievement. “Micro it. Chunk it,” Don says. Set a short deadline and produce results. We don’t need as much time as we think.
12. “You can be in Indiana and have access to practically anyone.” Don’s students don’t need to be in a major megalopolis to make connections to experts that can mentor them. Don’s class Skyped with the aformentioned Naveen Jain, who told them, “If your idea isn’t big enough, you’re not trying hard enough.” Once, they were curious about the conflict in Gaza. Within a couple days, they Skyped people on both sides of the issue into their class. They also connected with Tim Ferriss, author of “The 4-Hour Workweek”, who inspired them and gave them suggestions. This all happened just because they asked.
Question: What are your best strategies for using Genius Hour in the classroom? What has been your experience with it? You can leave a comment by clicking here.
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